US President Donald Trump is expected to announce a pilot programme on Tuesday to roll back the country’s controversial green meters that he says are “a massive drain on our energy grid”.
The move is the latest attempt by the Trump administration to loosen the restrictions on energy usage in the US and Europe.
“It’s not a green meter, it’s a tax,” Mr Trump said on Monday.
The plan is aimed at easing pressure on households who struggle to pay for electricity at the peak of peak demand, when most people are away from their homes.
Mr Trump has argued that the green meters are a form of “government interference” in the private sector.
Since the green meter program was first rolled out in 2007, it has been a source of criticism for consumers who say the meters are unfair, and for utilities that have been accused of violating consumer rights.
In its latest report, the Department of Energy found that in the first six months of 2018, about 5.6m Americans used the green system, a slight decline from the 6.3m in the same period last year.
But the change is likely to face fierce resistance from utilities, which say the change would cost them billions of dollars in additional revenue.
Green energy use in the US is expected to rise to 8.1% in 2020, according to the Energy Information Administration.
However, in recent years, the number of green energy users has dropped from more than 10% of US homes in 2015 to around 5% in 2017.
According to a survey by the American Energy Alliance (AEA), about 1.5m Americans, or 12% of households, use electricity from solar and wind, a decline from more then 5.2% in 2007.
A majority of households in the country, 57% in 2019, said they did not use any form of energy-generating technology, a drop of more than 3 percentage points from earlier this year.
In 2016, more than a third of Americans were using electric vehicles (EVs) to help them meet their energy needs, according a study by the US Department of Transportation (DOT).
Mr Obama, who is in the midst of a second term, was criticised for signing an executive order in 2014 that allowed the green grid to be turned off in areas with large amounts of electric-vehicle usage.
It came after a major surge in the number and size of EV drivers in some US states.
Last year, the White House estimated that more than 7 million EVs were being used in the United States every day.
More than a quarter of the EVs were used to meet demand for electricity during peak demand periods, according the DOE.